Fetus in the 20th week of pregnancy
The embryo in the 20th week of gestation was fully formed. The height and weight of the child at 20 weeks of pregnancy are increasing every day. Confidently perform their functions.
Generated and developed retina. The puzozhitel cannot yet fully see, but he is already able to react to light stimuli.
A Stethoscope Taps Heartbeat.
The child looks beautiful: the photo at the 20th week of pregnancy reveals how the hands and legs of the baby have changed, and the nails have grown on the fingers.
The head of the baby is covered with hairs. Bullets denote brows and cilia. The intrauterine child, as well as to light, reacts to sounds. Now the crumbs form a sound memory – he is already able to memorize and distinguish his mother’s voice and intonation.
The skin thickens, becomes covered with grease. A child in the 20th week of pregnancy weighs up to 260 g; the length is close to 15 cm. The size of the fetus indicates success in the maturation of the baby’s body. A fetus at 20 weeks gestation is similar in size to a small coconut.
Feelings at the 20th week of pregnancy
20 week of pregnancy brings the likely mother reasons for joy: the new creature is successfully developing, reminding of itself:
Stirs and pushes.
Swims inside the uterus, starting from its walls.
Flinches with my mother’s excitement.
The movement of the fetus is increasingly felt, but if this happens often, the cause may be oxygen deficiency, which means that an urgent need to inform the pregnancy doctor.
The twentieth week of pregnancy introduces some other not very pleasant sensations: the uterus increases, while the pressure on nearby organs increases, which causes:
- Violation of urination,
- Shortness of breath.
Excess weight is also very annoying to a pregnant woman, in which case it is time to think about what happens to the appetite and to recall what an obese woman looks like before birth.
Often, mothers at night feel cramps in their calves: the body signals a deficiency in vitamins and trace elements. This fact should be known to the doctor. The doctor leading the pregnancy will indicate which vitamins are not enough for the ordinary course of pregnancy, will help in the preparation of the diet, prescribe vitamin preparations.
Often, future mothers notice discharge from the nipples of a yellowish-white liquid. The substance is called colostrum, and it will serve as food for the crumbs in the first days after birth. If colostrum has appeared, it means that preparation of the breast for feeding the baby has begun.
Obstetric 20-week gestation is characterized by swelling, which should not excite the future mother. It is worth worrying only in case of a fast increase in weight. In this case, there is a suspicion of the presence of preeclampsia, in which there is a substantial increase in the level of protein. If preeclampsia is suspected, an unscheduled ultrasound scan is prescribed to assess the development of the fetus.
Fading pregnancy in the 20th week of pregnancy
A frozen pregnancy is not characteristic of late pregnancy, but it does happen. Cessation of development and death for the fetus occur for various reasons, among which are:
Disorders in the endocrine system.
The influence of negative factors.
Disorders in the process of progesterone production.
Symptoms of missed abortion A woman should know to seek medical attention immediately. The first sign of a pathological condition is the stunted growth of the abdomen and the movement of the baby. It is not difficult to diagnose a missed abortion at 20 weeks: an ultrasound scan and the absence of heartbeat give certain conclusions about the involuntary termination of pregnancy.
The doctors’ actions will be aimed at immediate release from the dead fetus, contributing to the infectious lesion of the body.
The woman is curetting the uterus, performing a comprehensive examination to determine the cause of fetal death, prescribe antibacterial treatment. Planning for the next pregnancy is better to postpone for a year, in extreme cases, for six months.
Temperature And Cold
At the 20th week of pregnancy, the risk of viral infections for the fetal child is reduced. But mom’s cold can cause placental insufficiency, which can cause oxygen starvation of the child, delayed fetal development, increase the risk of early pregnancy.
It is strictly forbidden to start the disease – this can be the beginning of the endocrine system dysfunction, and in the future, it can hurt the development of bone tissue, and even later – on the formation of eggs in girls.
For colds, the gynecologist who leads the pregnancy prescribes a gentle therapy. Medications used for colds, pregnant is not desirable. Mandatory for mom are:
- Bed rest,
- Drink plenty of water
Washing the nose with saline, soda solutions, decoction of medicinal herbs.
If body temperature rises, drink warm raspberry tea. During this period, the expectant mother needs increased attention from relatives and close people.
The Movements Of The Baby In The 20th Week Of Pregnancy
During the first pregnancy, the expectant mother begins to feel the fetal movement from the 20th week, the next – 2 weeks earlier, but it all depends on the individual characteristics of the woman. The first unforgettable sensations in the stomach during perturbations are characterized in different ways: some women compare the movements with “gurgling,” others – with slight stroking, tickling.
According to research, the baby is constantly moving, except the time when he sleeps, during the day the baby performs up to 200 movements.
The Following Factors Determine The Motor Activity:
- Times of Day.
- The psychological condition of mom.
- Physical exercise.
- Food mom.
Finding mom in an uncomfortable position.
Required studies and analyzes
As part of the second screening at the 20th week of pregnancy, an ultrasound scan is performed, which is necessary to:
Evaluate the course of pregnancy
Determine the sex of the child
to identify the presence of malformations of the intrauterine baby.
With the help of ultrasound at this time calculate the appropriateness of the size of the fetus to the gestation period, determine the state of the amniotic fluid, as well as the placenta.
Ultrasound provides an opportunity to study the development and functioning of internal organs. Particular attention is paid to the study of the heart of the child.
In addition to ultrasound, blood and urine tests are possible to assess the degree of increase and the condition of the uterus. Laboratory blood tests provide an opportunity to control sugar levels, determine the beginning of the development of anemia.
A blood test can be used to judge the functioning of the kidneys, the presence of a latent form of inflammatory processes in the body. In addition to ultrasound, a biochemical blood test is necessary; a triple test helps to assess the level of the hormones chg., stroll and fetoprotein, which makes it possible to determine the degree of risk of developing abnormalities in the child, the development of chromosomal abnormalities.
Lifestyle In The 20th Week Of Pregnancy: Tips
The main thing depends on what kind of life the future mother leads: how the birth will take place, and whether the newborn baby will be healthy.
With a 20 week gestation, there are quite a few prohibitions that should be followed:
From the moment of conception, or from the time of fertilization planning, one should give up bad habits that are detrimental to the fetus. Smoking, drinking alcohol is dangerous in the embryonic, perinatal and postpartum period of development of the baby.
Often, overheating leads to premature labor. To avoid an accident, you cannot use saunas and baths. An extended stay in the sun is also dangerous for the future mother. Sunbathing is possible only in a shaded place in the morning.
Body positions at rest
The threat of premature birth can occur due to lying on the stomach, extended rest on the back or right side. Blood flow when sitting in the leg-to-leg position is disturbed, leading to oxygen starvation, which can result in miscarriage.
These actions can provoke uterine hypertonic, which is fraught with miscarriages. High-heeled shoes increase the load on the spine and lower limbs, which will have an adverse effect in the future.
It is not recommended to use household chemicals during cleaning. Substances containing toxins are often used in cosmetics and hygiene products. Preference should be given to natural products.
Extreme Sports And Travel
At the 20th week of pregnancy, the extreme sport is banned, it is replaced with mild forms of recreation. Travel is allowed because before the birth there is a lot of time. There is no ban on flying in an airplane. When traveling by road, it is necessary to make stops at four-hour intervals for eating. After 2 hours, leaving the machine to warm up the legs is required. Behind the wheel, a pregnant woman can be no more than an hour.
It Is Strictly Prohibited:
Rise to the height of more than 1 km above sea level.
What Is Useful For Mom And Baby?
20 weeks of pregnancy requires the continuation of proper nutrition, maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Swimming lessons, water aerobics, Nordic walking are allowed. Recommended walks in a quiet pace in the zone of greenery.
It benefits from talking with friends and relatives, going to museums, visiting theaters. It is advisable to devote your free time to your favorite activities.
If there is no doctor’s prohibition, the continuation of intimate life will have a positive effect on the course of pregnancy. In this case, preference should be given for comfortable postures. If there is discomfort, change position or complete sexual intercourse. Sex should bring pleasure to a pregnant woman, which produces a happiness hormone that positively affects the emotional development of the baby.
Nutrition Of The Future Mother
It is necessary to organize a diet to get all the essential nutrients, not to feel full stomach. Meals should be frequent, in small quantities. Snacks including fresh fruits and vegetables, natural juices are welcome.
In the diet, the presence of lean meat, milk, and dairy products, a variety of cereals, sea fish, and bran bread is mandatory. Dishes for pregnant women are prepared by cooking, stewing, steaming. Smoked and fried foods are excluded from the diet. Chocolate is not desirable; it is better to get carbohydrates from fruits and cereals.