Trimester Pregnancy Good Advice From Obstetrician Gynecologists
What changes occur in the body in the first trimester of pregnancy?
Council of the obstetrician-gynecologist. No matter how trite it sounds, first of all, you need to calm down – this is a temporary phenomenon. This is due to changes in the body, i.e., the body adapts to internal changes, primarily to a change in hormonal levels. You did not need to be afraid of this state, after a short period everything will return to normal, the body will get used to new sensations, and they may even become pleasant.
Often during pregnancy, there are constipation – functional disorders of motility of the colon. How to deal with them?
- First, pick the products:
- More fiber (apples, cabbage, beets, carrots, bran bread, etc.);
- All salads need to be filled with vegetable oil;
in the evening, make dried apricots and prunes (3-5 berries per 1 tbsp. of boiling water and leave to stand – in the morning on an empty stomach to eat the kernel itself and, if there is no toxicosis, drink it immediately, and if there is – after a while);
If there is no aversion to vegetable oil, swallow 1 tbsp. L olive oil or any other fat on an empty stomach 15 minutes before a meal.
This is a sparing measure to alleviate the condition, but if it does not help, you need to add a medication that relaxes the intestines (dup hales).
In the first trimester, some are faced with the problem of toxicosis – nausea, vomiting. What to do?
Council of the obstetrician-gynecologist. This condition can also be overcome. You must know that you cannot brush your teeth on a full stomach, interfere with liquid and solid food. A heavy meal should be eaten in small portions and should be washed down after 15-20 minutes with tea or decaffeinated coffee (that is, you can drink a coffee drink). Usually, toxicosis passes to 12 weeks of pregnancy
- Weight gain / non-weight gain during pregnancy. How to treat this?
- Council of the obstetrician-gynecologist. Any woman worried about weight gain.
- In 1 trimester there is a loss of weight, and then its standard increase.
Pregnant should know – you need to add weight no more than 250-300 g per week. An increase over this is considered pathological; it is dangerous in the 3rd trimester. In this case, the obstetrician-gynecologist recommends fasting days.
If a woman does not gain weight at all, then you need to look: if a woman is complete (a disorder in the fat metabolism of 2–3 degrees), then she can even lose in weight since her body fat is distributed to the child. But there is also a pathological weight gain – this happens with severe toxicosis (vomiting up to 10-15 times a day) when the fluid is not retained in the body. In such a situation, hospitalization is necessary.
Does Pregnancy Affect A Woman’s Appearance?
As a rule, pregnancy has a good effect on the appearance of a healthy woman – acne (if any) disappears, the complexion and hair structure improves.
Recommendations: from the 1st trimester, not to go in high heels and not to use model shoes, so as not to worsen the condition of the veins of the lower extremities. Shoes should be soft and comfortable with arch supports.
Do Taste Preferences Change?
Taste addictions change during pregnancy: for example, if a woman loved sweets, she can completely stop loving him and eagerly eat spicy, salty, etc. In this case, the use of spicy and salty foods should be reduced to avoid edema.
It is essential to be under the supervision of an obstetrician-gynecologist from the first trimester. It is necessary to apply either to the antenatal clinic at the place of residence, or to a paid medical institution that provides services for the management of pregnancy. New taste preferences and weight gain remain. Irritability must pass. Appear pleasant sensations. The tummy grows, the first movements of the fetus appear – this is the direct contact between the mother and the baby. Hormonal background returns to normal. This is the most pleasant period of pregnancy when a woman relaxes and gets pleasure from her condition.
What Happens In The 3rd Trimester Of Pregnancy?
The third trimester of pregnancy also has unpleasant sides: for a woman, sexual contact becomes difficult, and it happens that obstetrician-gynecologists recommend stopping sexual relations before giving birth. Swimming at any stage of pregnancy is welcome, especially if the woman led an active lifestyle – this is a good substitute for other physical activities.
Strengthening of the discharge – whites, swelling may appear. This is a reason to consult a doctor.
Council of an obstetrician-gynecologist. Nutrition needs adjustment. It is necessary to sharply limit bakery products, fruits with high sugar content (grapes, persimmon), spicy, salty. In 3 trimester, the fetus is actively growing, so the mother should actively eat meat, chicken, fish, vegetables.
It is necessary to wear corrective underwear, bandages to support the spine, and varicose tights (they are ways to reduce swelling of the lower extremities and prevent the appearance of varicose veins, including the labia).
Period Of Maternity Leave. Care And Preparation For Childbirth.
In 3 trimester, a woman should go on maternity leave – from the 30th week of pregnancy. This period is given to a woman so that she cares for herself and prepares for the upcoming replenishment in the family, makes the appropriate purchases.
How To Prepare The Chest To Avoid Cracks?
Council of an obstetrician-gynecologist. Every evening a woman should take a shower and do gymnastics for her breasts under the rain. This is done like this: a woman gently tightens her nipples, takes a sponge or a waffle mitten, soaps the chest with soap or soap and massages it clockwise and from the periphery to the nipple (do not forget to massage the lower part of the breast). After getting out of the bath, he takes a towel (preferably a waffle) and rubs the nipple and areola. After grinding, it is necessary to treat the pigment part with any alcohol tincture (root can, Romulo, calendula, and others). It serves as crack prevention. In the morning after a shower, you need to grease the belly, chest, thighs, and buttocks with fat cream. To better prepare the nipples, thin linen pads can be inserted between the breast and the bra.