Pregnancy And Woman’s Health
It is known that during pregnancy a lot of changes occur in the body, and hormonal changes cause many of them.
How Does Pregnancy Affect Female Beauty?
In the arsenal of any woman who gives birth or plans to have children, there will be stories about how pregnancy and childbirth affect maternal health and beauty. Some say that during pregnancy, the skin becomes smooth and clean, the hair – lush and shiny, the chest gets the unusual shape, strength is added, the resistance to various infections increases dramatically. Others complain of increased hair loss, dark spots on the face, stretch marks on the chest and abdomen, fatigue, depression, exacerbation of all real diseases. Such “contradictions” clearly require an explanation. What is pregnancy? Severe illness, consuming power and health, or the flourishing of the female nature? Let’s try to figure it out.
What Happens In The Body During Pregnancy?
It is known that during pregnancy a lot of changes occur in the body, and hormonal changes cause many of them. Their influence of the appearance and health of a woman can be likened to a picture consisting of many shades and semitones. The severity of the positive and “negative” effects depends on heredity, and on the woman’s health at the time of conception, and on the specific course of a particular pregnancy.
Often, after childbirth, a woman notes an unpleasant change in the appearance of her hips and lower abdomen, which is commonly called “cellulite.” So, cellulite will develop in this woman or not, depends primarily on the genetic characteristics of her connective tissue and on whether she had late toxicities during pregnancy (it causes fluid retention in the muscles). Especially noteworthy are the peculiarities of nutrition and weight gain during pregnancy, and how competently the woman took care of the skin.
What Diseases Are Dangerous During Pregnancy?
Pregnancy forces all organs and systems of the body to work in the mode of increased tension. Depending on the “initial” state of a body, it can “better” or “worse” cope with this voltage. That is why for some diseases, pregnancy is a “risk factor.”
For example, if a woman has impaired renal function (or there is a predisposition to such a disorder – say, once in childhood pyelonephritis was diagnosed, which they did not manifest itself for many years), then there is a high probability that during pregnancy these disorders exacerbation of the disease will intensify and occur. The same applies to conditions of cardiovascular heart disease, arterial hypertension, etc.) And endocrine systems diabetes mellitus, diseases of the thyroid gland, etc.).
Unpleasant Effects Of Pregnancy
During pregnancy, the maternal organism gives all the resources to the child, struggling to ensure its successful development. Spent, and sometimes depleted, reserves of nutrients, reserves of calcium, iron. According to the available scientific data, women who give birth three times or more, menopause, as a rule, comes earlier, and the menopausal period in such women is more severe. In adulthood, many of them do not change the shape for the better – for example, a so-called “saggy belly” is formed: this is due to the overstretching of the sheaths of the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall. Of the other hand, it has also been proven that a woman who fattens three or more children is at a much lower risk of developing breast cancer.
How To Prepare For Pregnancy?
In the ideal case, i.e., in the case of the planned conception, a woman before pregnancy should monitor the proper nutrition and lifestyle, take a multivitamin-mineral complex. Also, according to the WHO recommendation, at least two years must pass between childbirth and the subsequent pregnancy – it is precisely the time it takes a woman to recuperate, replenish resources and re-prepare her body for carrying a healthy baby.
Today it is possible to consider the fact that his psychological state largely determines the state of a person’s health. As a rule, pregnancy, and childbirth increase a woman’s self-esteem, give her self-confidence, therefore, despite all the hormonal imbalances, despite the highest exertion of all body forces, pregnancy, and childbirth often truly transform a woman, because motherhood is the highest form of femininity.
What Changes Occur In The Body In The First Trimester Of Pregnancy?
Council of the obstetrician-gynecologist. No matter how trite it sounds, first of all, you need to calm down – this is a temporary phenomenon. This is due to changes in the body, i.e., the body adapts to internal changes, primarily to a change in hormonal levels. You do not need to be afraid of this state, after a short period everything will return to normal, the body will get used to new sensations, and they may even become pleasant.
Often during pregnancy, there are constipation – functional disorders of motility of the colon. How to deal with them?
First, pick the products:
More fiber (apples, cabbage, beets, carrots, bran bread, etc.);
All salads need to be filled with vegetable oil;
in the evening, make dried apricots and prunes (3-5 berries per 1 tbsp. of boiling water and leave to stand – in the morning on an empty stomach to eat the kernel itself and, if there are no toxicities, drink it immediately, and if there is – after a while);
If there is no aversion to vegetable oil, swallow 1 tbsp. L olive oil or any other fat on an empty stomach 15 minutes before a meal.
This is a sparing measure to alleviate the condition, but if it does not help, you need to add a medication that relaxes the intestines (dacha lac).
In the first trimester, some are faced with the problem of toxicities – nausea, vomiting. What to do?
Council of the obstetrician-gynecologist. This condition can also be overcome. You must know that you cannot brush your teeth on a full stomach, interfere with liquid and solid food. A heavy meal should be eaten in small portions and should be washed down after 15-20 minutes with tea or decaffeinated coffee (that is, you can drink a coffee drink). Usually, toxicities pass to the 12th week of pregnancy.
Weight gain / non-weight gain during pregnancy. How to treat this?
Council of the obstetrician-gynecologist. Any woman worried about weight gain.
In 1 Trimester There Is A Loss Of Weight, And Then Its Standard Increase.
Pregnant should know – you need to add weight to no more than 250-300 g per week. An increase over this is considered pathological; it is dangerous in the 3rd trimester. In this case, the obstetrician-gynecologist recommends fasting days.
If a woman does not gain weight at all, then you need to look: if a woman is complete (a disorder in the fat metabolism of 2–3 degrees), then she can even lose in weight since her body fat is distributed to the child. But there is also a pathological weight gain – this happens with severe toxicities (vomiting up to 10-15 times a day) when the fluid is not retained in the body. In such a situation, hospitalization is necessary.
Does Pregnancy Affect A Woman’s Appearance?
As a rule, pregnancy has a good effect on the appearance of a healthy woman – acne (if any) disappears, the complexion and hair structure improves.
Recommendations: from the 1st trimester, not to go in high heels and not to use model shoes, so as not to worsen the condition of the veins of the lower extremities. Shoes should be soft and comfortable with arch supports.
Do taste preferences change?
Taste addictions change during pregnancy: for example, if a woman loved sweets, she can completely stop loving him and eagerly eat spicy, salty, etc. In this case, the use of spicy and salty foods should be reduced to avoid edema.
It is essential to the under the supervision of an obstetrician-gynecologist from the first trimester. It is necessary to apply either to the antenatal clinic at the place of residence, or to a paid medical institution that provides services for the management of pregnancy.
What happens to a woman in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy?
New taste preferences and weight gain remain. Irritability must pass. Appear pleasant sensations. The tummy grows, the first movements of the fetus appear – this is the direct contact between the mother and the baby. Hormonal background returns to normal. This is the most pleasant period of pregnancy when a woman relaxes and gets pleasure from her condition.
What happens in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy?
The third trimester of pregnancy also has unpleasant sides: for a woman, sexual contact becomes difficult, and it happens that obstetrician-gynecologists recommend stopping sexual relations before giving birth. Swimming at any stage of pregnancy is welcome, especially if the woman led an active lifestyle – this is a good substitute for other physical activities.
Strengthening of the discharge – whites, swelling may appear. This is a reason to consult a doctor.
Council of an obstetrician-gynecologist. Nutrition needs adjustment. It is necessary to sharply limit bakery products, fruits with high sugar content (grapes, persimmon), spicy, salty. In 3 trimester, the fetus is actively growing, so the mother should actively eat meat, chicken, fish, vegetables.
It is necessary to wear corrective underwear, bandages to support the spine, antivaricose tights (they are ways to reduce swelling of the lower extremities and prevent the appearance of varicose veins, including the labia).
Period of maternity leave. Care and preparation for childbirth.
In 3 trimester, a woman should go on maternity leave – from 30 weeks of pregnancy. This period is given to a woman so that she cares for herself and prepares for the upcoming replenishment in the family, makes the appropriate purchases.
How to prepare the chest to avoid cracks?
Council of an obstetrician-gynecologist. Every evening a woman should take a shower and do gymnastics for her breasts under the rain. This is done like this: a woman gently tightens her nipples, takes a sponge or a waffle mitten, soaps the chest with soap or soap and massages it clockwise and from the periphery to the nipple (do not forget to massage the lower part of the breast). After getting out of the bath, he takes a towel (preferably a waffle) and rubs the nipple and areola. After grinding, it is necessary to treat the pigment part with any alcohol tincture (roto can, Romulan, calendula, and others). It serves as crack prevention. In the morning after a shower, you need to grease the belly, chest, thighs, and buttocks with fat cream. To better prepare the nipples, thin linen pads can be inserted between the breast and the bra.
The editors thank the network of clinics of the Centers for Family Health Protection IMPROVED for their assistance in preparing the material.
Pregnancy – a difficult time in the life of a woman. During this period, her body undergoes significant physiological changes and hormonal changes, which allow for the proper development to the fetus, as well as prepare for the upcoming delivery and feeding.
First, an increased burden rests on all organs and systems of a woman. If the expectant mother is healthy, the body copes easily, but in case of any deviations the risk of exacerbation of chronic diseases increases, as well as the likelihood of complications. To prevent these disorders, a pregnant woman should be regularly monitored not only by a gynecologist, but also by a general practitioner, and, if necessary, by visiting narrower specialists.
Secondly, during pregnancy, new structures are formed in the body of the woman – the placenta, fetal membranes, umbilical cord, amniotic fluid. They ensure the vital activity of the fetus and its relationship with the mother. The condition of all these structures is very important. Therefore, it is regularly evaluated by a doctor, primarily with the help of ultrasound.
Thirdly, during pregnancy changes in blood, urine, etc. Therefore, it is not worthwhile to panic if the results of the analyzes differ significantly from the usual “norms.” Many changes are quite natural and correspond to the “norms” for pregnant women. A competent and attentive gynecologist will be able to correctly decipher the tests and distinguish quite harmless vibrations from serious deviations that require additional intervention.